# Articles — Popular

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Modélisation de l’évacuation d’un immeuble en cas d’incendie
When an issue arises in a building, people's evacuation is a recurring challenge. We wondered whether we could make a realistic simulation of people’s evacuation based on a simple physical model. First, we elaborated this model and then we simulate the people’s comportment on MATLAB. We could conclude that our simulation is enough to describe the general comportment of people.
Guillaume
Information Visualization Project: Analytics on Career in STEM
The project aims to guide students and working professionals who are looking for direction towards choosing a career path, more interactively. Higher focus is laid on STEM viz. Science, Technology, Engineering and Math, and many dimensions such as future career, occupation growth, employment and wages etc. were considered for the analysis. The project emphasizes on good development practices that help its readers grasp the crux of each dimension easily, by looking at visualizations on each page. The website provides an overview of STEM work, analyzing nearly 100 occupations, including data showing selected STEM occupations with the most employment and projected job openings and growth.
Aditi Agrawal, Ankita Aggarwal, Priya Mishra
Calculating the Probability for Winning a 649 Lottery
Calculating the Probability for Winning a 649 Lottery using Probability.
Diversity and Social Capital in the U.S: A tale of conflict, contact or total mistrust?
This paper explores the relationship between ethnic fractionalization and social capital between 1990-2005. First, using data from 1990, 1997 and 2005 we test for time differences in the impact of ethnic fractionalization on social capital. Subsequently, we examine U.S. data for evidence consistent with the proposed outcomes in the conflict, contact, or hunker-down theses discussed in Putnam (2007). Putnam (2007) examines what happens to “trust" or “social capital" when individuals of different ethnicity are introduced into social, political and/or economic groups over time. Using an instrumental variable (IV) estimator, we find little evidence of heterogeneity in the impact of ethnic fractionalization on social capital over our period of analysis. In addition, using both fixed effect and IV estimators, we reject the contact hypothesis, but find evidence consistent with the outcomes predicted in both the conflict hypothesis and Putnam’s hunker-down hypothesis, in inter-ethnic relations. Due to data limitations, we are unable to test directly which of these two thesis are more relevant for the U.S experience. However, we provide suggestive evidence in support of the conflict hypothesis over the hunker-down hypothesis. Our results suggest that between 1990-2005, as communities in the U.S became more diverse, there was a tendency for social capital to decline.
Willie Belton
Visuele cryptografie met transparanten
In deze handleiding worden twee technieken beschreven voor visuele cryptografie. Bij de eerste techniek worden twee transparanten met schijnbaar willekeurige patronen van zwarte blokjes over elkaar geschoven om een geheime afbeelding tevoorschijn te laten komen. De tweede techniek gebruikt twee afbeeldingen in grijstinten die transparant over elkaar geschoven worden om een geheime afbeelding op te roepen. De enige voorkennis die nodig is om deze technieken te kunnen uitvoeren, is het gebruik van een rekenblad (hier: Excel) en van een fotobewerkingsprogramma.
Van den Broeck Luc
Brachistochrone Problem Solved
Solving Brachistochrone Problem